The Basics of Photography

Black camera lens isolated in white background

Photographs are common elements of our everyday life. Flip open a magazine and you’ll see endless images: fashion shots, landscapes, people portraits, commercials, and so on. We even create our own photographs as a means of capturing a moment, remembering a special place, or documenting the growth of our children. Photography has long been our resource of choice.

The origin of the word photography is derived from Greek. It is composed of two roots, “photo,” meaning “light.” and “graph,” meaning drawing. The science behind photography lies entirely on the ability of light to reflect itself.

When you snap a picture, the light emitted from the subject that you are photographing enters into the lens and through to the film.

When the film is processed, chemicals convert the film into what is called a negative. It’s this negative that bears the final projection of the image. As it is projected onto light-sensitive paper, the snapped image appears; this is called a print.

Because light is so important in the process of obtaining a photographic print, it is one of the main considerations of photographers. The way light is projected into the camera has a direct effect on how the final print will look. Because of this, photographers must control specific variables or conditions in order to obtain the results they are looking for.

Controlling light consists of several considerations,

(1) aperture,
(2) shutter speed, and
(3) exposure. We will address all of these as we progress through our photography course.

In order to snap better photographs, and to control all the necessary conditions that are involved in photo taking, getting familiar with your camera is crucial. Especially nowadays, cameras are packed with features, shutter speeds, and cool effects. In our following newsletters, we will provide you with all the tools necessary to gain thorough comprehension of the science behind cameras, photography and its subjects.

Learning to take advantage of the features offered, as well the infinite ways that you can take one single picture, is the first step to becoming a top-notch photographer.

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